History of Miami Gardens
The migration of many middle and upper class African Americans to the area came in the 1960s, which is when the construction of the I-95 interstate highway was completed. However, as the years went by, the population of the city included many poorer individuals as well, and a lot of low income housing was built in Miami Gardens and in neighboring cities.
The mayor at the time, Shirley Gibson, decided to put an end to the construction of low income housing in the city in 2007. This was done because many blamed this low income housing for the increasing amount of crime and drug use in the area. Around the same time, the city’s tax revenues also took a drastic drop and were the third lowest in the entire county.
According to the census of 2010 and the most recent statistics and demographics, 76 percent of the population is black or African American. Only 18 percent of the population is white and about 22 percent is Hispanic or Latino.
The neighborhoods of Bunche Park and Carol City have a high percentage of African-Americans from various backgrounds, such as Bahamians, British West Indians, Colombians, Cubans, Dominicans, Haitians and Jamaicans.
The city of Miami Gardens hosts the stadium of the Miami Dolphins, who play in the National Football League. The Dolphins play in Sun Life Stadium. This stadium is also famous for the fact that it hosts one of the most prestigious and most watched college bowl games as well – the Orange Bowl. The stadium is also the home field for the University of Miami Hurricanes football team - whose popularity in the area even rivals that of the Dolphins, who are a professional team.
Miami Gardens also used to host the Florida Marlins. The Marlins played at Sun Life Stadium for almost twenty years. However, in 2012, they were renamed the Miami Marlins and this professional baseball team received their own stadium in the city of Miami.
Even though the University of Miami Hurricanes play in Miami Gardens, the university is not located in the city. However, Miami Gardens does have several institutions of higher learning - St. Thomas University and Florida Memorial University.