Columbia city, South Carolina

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Columbia city, South Carolina

Columbia city, South Carolina
Nickname(s):The Capital of Southern Hospitality (official), Cola, The City of Dreams, Paradise City
- Total:129.272 (2010)
- Density:972,0/sq mi (376,9/sq km)
Area code(s):803
Time zone:EST (UTC-5)
Summer Time zone:EDT (UTC-4)
- Total:136 sq mi (351 sq km)
- Land:133 sq mi (343 sq km)
- Water:4 sq mi (8 sq km)
- % water:2,28 %

Quick information summary of the Columbia city area.

Columbia city is located in the state of South Carolina. It occupies the area of 136 square miles. 4 square miles are water areas and 133 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Columbia city lies at +34.0297833, -080.8965664 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 129.272 living in the Columbia city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (51.66%), Black or African American (42.19%) and Asian (2.23%). Median age is 27 for the males and 29 for the females.

Columbia is the capital of South Carolina and seat of the Richland County. With a population of 130,591, it is the largest city in the state. The city is located in the central region of South Carolina, called Midlands.

The official nickname of Columbia is “The Capital of Southern Hospitality” and the city motto is “Justitia Virtutum Regina,” which is Latin for “Justice, the Queen of Virtues.”

Click here to read the full detailed Columbia city profile

Statistical data for the Columbia city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

White alone
66,77751.66 %
Black or African American alone
54,53742.19 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4340.34 %
Asian alone
2,8792.23 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1640.13 %
Some Other Race alone
1,9221.49 %
Two or More races
2,5591.98 %

Profile of the Columbia city

History of Columbia

Columbia was founded in 1786 by the South Carolina General Assembly, who was looking for the new state capital. The site of present-day Columbia was chosen because of its central position in the state. Before the city was established, there was a frontier fort on the bank of the Congaree River and in 1754 a ferry was introduced with the purpose of connecting the fort with the emerging establishments on the other river bank. The name “Columbia” was chosen as a poetic term for America, deriving, of course, from Christopher Columbus.

State legislature first met in Columbia in 1790. It was incorporated as a village in 1805 and as a city in 1854. The Santee Canal was completed in 1800, connecting Columbia to Charleston, which was very important for the development of the city. Columbia was one of the first planned cities in the United States, comprising of 400 blocks arranged in a two-mile square along the river. The streets were quite wide and organized in a network, much of which still exists.

After it was chartered as a city, Columbia continued to grow and soon became the largest city in the Carolinas. New population boost came with the arrival of the railroad in the 1840s. The trains were used primarily for the transportation of cotton balls. Cotton was the single most important industry in the city - in 1850 every business in the city was somehow connected to it. At the time, Columbia had a very large slave community. Many of the slaves were literate and organized between themselves.

The South Carolina Baptist Convention was held in December of 1860 in the First Baptist Church in Columbia. The members ruled in favor of secession. During the Civil War, many Confederate events were held in that church. During the last months of the Civil War, in 1865, during the occupation by the Union troops, much of Columbia was destroyed by fire, however the First Baptist Church survived.

During Reconstruction, Columbia was in the center of the national attention and received a lot of visitors who flocked to the city to see a Southern legislature with former slaves.

In the early 20th century, Columbia became a regional center of textile industry and had six large cotton mills. A construction boom took place in the city in 1911 and 1912, including several bank buildings, hotels and a shopping arcade. U.S. Army’s Fort Jackson was established in 1917 and reactivated in 1940 as Fort Jackson. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, a group of pilots started training for the Doolittle Raid on Tokyo at Columbia Metropolitan Airport.

The first serious efforts to stop racial discrimination in the city, especially against Jim Crow laws, started in 1940s. The progress was slow and the first black students were admitted to the University of Carolina only in 1963.

In the 1990s and early 2000 Columbia made many efforts to revitalize the downtown area and completed some of the important projects, such as the completion of Colonial Life Arena and of the Columbia Metropolitan Convention Center.

Geography and Climate

Columbia is located on the fall line, which marks the boundary between the coastal plain and the upland region, after which the rivers from the upland form waterfalls. Columbia lies on the Congaree River fall line, and the river itself is formed within the city limits, by the convergence of Broad and Saluda rivers. The city is located approximately halfway between the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean, at 292 feet above sea level.

Columbia has a humid subtropical climate, with hot and humid summers and mild winters. The springs and autumns are mild.


The racial makeup in the city is 51.27% White, 42.2% Black or African American, 4.3% Hispanic or Latino, 2.2% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.25% Native American, 1.5% some other race and 2% two or more races.

The median household income in 2010 was $31,141 and the per capita income for the city was $18,853.

As a typical Bible Belt Southern city, Columbia is religiously dominated by Protestants. The largest group is the Southern Baptists, followed by Methodists.


Columbia has a diversified economy, with the accent on government sector, health care (the Palmetto Health hospital system) and education (University of South Carolina). Other large employers include SCANA, Fort Jackson, Humana/TriCare, United Parcel Service and Richland School District One. Some of the largest manufacturing companies include Michelin, International Paper, Honeywell, Westinghouse Electric, Bose Corporation, Trane, Spirax Sarco and others. Large national and international companies with headquarters in Columbia city area include Colonial Life & Accident Insurance Company, Ritedose Corporation, AgFirst Farm Credit Bank, Nexsen Pruet and Nelson Mullins.

Culture and Institutions

Columbia has a rich cultural life and some of the most important cultural institutions and sites of interest include Town Theatre, Trustus Theatre, Columbia Marionette Theatre, South Carolina State Museum, Columbia Museum of Art, The Confederate Relic Room and Military Museum, South Carolina State Library, Richland County Public Library, South Carolina Philharmonic Orchestra, Columbia Choral Society and Columbia City Jazz Dance Company.

Columbia is home of several influential musicians and acts, such as Band of Horses, Toro y Moi, Nile, Hootie and the Blowfish, Washed Out, Angie Stone and Young Jeezy.

Best parks in the city area include Finley Park, Memorial Park, Riverbanks Zoo and Garden, Martin Luther King Jr. Park, Congaree National Park and Sesquicentennial State Park.

Education in Columbia

The main campus of the University of South California is located in Columbia. The university offers 350 degree programs through 15 schools and colleges. Other institutions of higher education in the city include Allen University, Columbia College, ECPI University, Benedict College, Midlands Technical College, Virginia College, Fortis College, Columbia International University and several more.


Major highways in Columbia area include I-26, I-20, I-77 and I-126, as well as U.S. Routes 1, 21, 76, 176, 321 and 378.

The largest airport is Columbia Metropolitan Airport, serviced by American Eagle, Delta, United Express, Continental Express and US Airways Express.

Intercity passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak (Silver Star line) and the intercity bus routes are offered by Greyhound.

Mass transit in greater Columbia area is operated by Central Midlands Regional Transit Authority.

Statistical data for the Columbia city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

White alone
66,77751.66 %
Black or African American alone
54,53742.19 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4340.34 %
Asian alone
2,8792.23 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1640.13 %
Some Other Race alone
1,9221.49 %
Two or More races
2,5591.98 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Not Hispanic or Latino
123,65095.65 %
Hispanic or Latino
5,6224.35 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Not Hispanic or Latino
123,65095.65 %
White alone
64,06251.81 %
Black or African American alone
53,94843.63 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
3630.29 %
Asian alone
2,8462.30 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
1500.12 %
Some Other Race alone
1620.13 %
Two or More races
2,1191.71 %
Hispanic or Latino
5,6224.35 %
White alone
2,71548.29 %
Black or African American alone
58910.48 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
711.26 %
Asian alone
330.59 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
140.25 %
Some Other Race alone
1,76031.31 %
Two or More races
4407.83 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes

Household Type

Family households
22,63849.57 %
Husband-wife family
13,09557.85 %
Other family
9,54342.15 %
Male householder, no wife present
1,75618.40 %
Female householder, no husband present
7,78781.60 %
Nonfamily households
23,02850.43 %
Householder living alone
17,35675.37 %
Householder not living alone
5,67224.63 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Columbia city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Columbia city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Columbia city center


  • Fort Jackson Fire Department [2.8 mi] [4.51 km]
  • Columbia - Richland Fire Department Gills Creek [2.89 mi] [4.65 km]


  • Beulah Cemetery [2.27 mi] [3.65 km]


  • Columbia Division [1.04 mi] [1.68 km]


  • Saint Marks Church (historical) [3.28 mi] [5.28 km]
  • Macedonia Church [2.61 mi] [4.2 km]
  • Beulah Church (historical) [2.25 mi] [3.62 km]


  • Richland County [1.45 mi] [2.33 km]
  • City of Columbia [0.57 mi] [0.92 km]


  • Forest Lake Dam [3.82 mi] [6.15 km]
  • Boyden Arbor Dam - Fort Jackson [2.52 mi] [4.06 km]
  • Coopers Pond Dam [3.62 mi] [5.83 km]


  • Lake in the Woods [0.6 mi] [0.96 km]


  • Trenholm Plaza Shopping Center [3.96 mi] [6.37 km]
  • Weir Tower [1.75 mi] [2.82 km]
  • Forest Lake Country Club [3.55 mi] [5.71 km]
  • Camp Marion (historical) [1.56 mi] [2.5 km]
  • Goodwyns Mills (historical) [2.56 mi] [4.13 km]
  • Rockbridge Country Club [3.79 mi] [6.1 km]


  • Hammond Park (historical) [2.2 mi] [3.54 km]
  • Patton Stadium [2.22 mi] [3.58 km]

Populated Place

  • Gregg Park [3.5 mi] [5.63 km]
  • Lakeview [3.37 mi] [5.42 km]
  • Boyden Arbor [2.84 mi] [4.57 km]


  • Jim Hammond Pond (historical) [2.81 mi] [4.52 km]
  • Forest Lake [3.41 mi] [5.49 km]
  • Forest Lake [4.01 mi] [6.46 km]
  • Boyden Arbor Pond [2.33 mi] [3.76 km]
  • Rockford Lake [2.97 mi] [4.78 km]
  • Boyden Arbor Lake [2.58 mi] [4.15 km]
  • Spring Lake [3.54 mi] [5.69 km]
  • Coopers Pond [3.62 mi] [5.83 km]


  • Jackson School [3 mi] [4.84 km]


  • Eightmile Branch [3.92 mi] [6.31 km]
  • Mack Creek [1.67 mi] [2.68 km]

Photos from the Columbia city

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Photos on Map - Columbia city, South Carolina

Map of Columbia city, South Carolina

Current weather situation in the Columbia city

City Alias ZIP Codes
CayceCayce-west Columbia29033
CayceWest Columbia29033
ColumbiaArcadia Lakes29206
ColumbiaBaptist Medical Center29220
ColumbiaBell South29215
ColumbiaBlue Cross Blue Shield Od Sc29219
ColumbiaBluff Estates29209
ColumbiaCapitol View29209
ColumbiaCedar Terrace29209
ColumbiaCity Of Columbia29217
ColumbiaColumbia29215, 29214, 29207, 29292, 29209, 29212, 29211, 29208, 29210, 29205, 29206, 29216, 29260, 29250, 29240, 29230, 29229, 29228, 29227, 29226, 29225, 29224, 29223, 29222, 29221, 29220, 29219, 29218, 29217, 29290, 29204, 29201, 29202, 29203
ColumbiaColumbia Amf29228
ColumbiaCrafts Farrow29203
ColumbiaCrane Forest29203
ColumbiaDenny Terrace29203
ColumbiaDutch Fork29210
ColumbiaEau Claire29203
ColumbiaFairfield Terrace29203
ColumbiaFarrow Terrace29203
ColumbiaFive Points29205
ColumbiaForest Acres29206
ColumbiaForest Lake29206
ColumbiaFort Jackson29207
ColumbiaHaskell Heights29203
ColumbiaHazelwood Acres29209
ColumbiaHollywood Hills29203
ColumbiaMarket Center29201
ColumbiaMountain Brook29209
ColumbiaNorth Pointe29223
ColumbiaS C Dept Of Motor Vehicles29216
ColumbiaS C Electric And Gas29218
ColumbiaS C Tax Comm29214
ColumbiaStark Terrace29203
ColumbiaState Hospital29201
ColumbiaTwin Lake Hill29209
ColumbiaUniv Of S C Students Mail29225
ColumbiaUniversity Of Sc29208
ColumbiaWells Fargo29226, 29227
West ColumbiaCayce29171, 29172, 29170, 29169
West ColumbiaCayce-west Columbia29169, 29172, 29170, 29171
West ColumbiaDixiana29169
West ColumbiaKathwood29169
West ColumbiaPineridge29169
West ColumbiaSaluda Gardens29169
West ColumbiaSaluda Terrace29169
West ColumbiaSouth Congaree29169
West ColumbiaSpringdale29169
West ColumbiaWest Columbia29171, 29170, 29169, 29172
West ColumbiaWestover Acres29169

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