Pierre city, South Dakota

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Pierre city, South Dakota

Pierre city, South Dakota
- Total:13.646 (2010)
- Density:974,7/sq mi (401,4/sq km)
Area code(s):605
Time zone:CST (UTC-6)
Summer Time zone:CDT (UTC-5)
- Total:14 sq mi (35 sq km)
- Land:14 sq mi (34 sq km)
- Water:1 sq mi (1 sq km)
- % water:2,86 %

Quick information summary of the Pierre city area.

Pierre city is located in the state of South Dakota. It occupies the area of 14 square miles. 1 square miles are water areas and 14 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Pierre city lies at +44.3751628, -100.3199965 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 13.646 living in the Pierre city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (85.09%), American Indian and Alaska Native (10.95%) and Two or More races (2.37%). Median age is 38 for the males and 41 for the females.

Pierre is the capital of the U.S. state of South Dakota and the seat of Hughes County. With a population of 13,646 it is the seventh-largest city in the state. That population also makes it the second-least populous U.S state capital, after Montpelier, Vermont.

The city occupies an area of 13.07 square miles and lies in the Central Time Zone (UTC-6). The city is located on the bluffs overlooking the Missouri River.

Click here to read the full detailed Pierre city profile

Statistical data for the Pierre city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

White alone
11,61185.09 %
Black or African American alone
700.51 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,49410.95 %
Asian alone
820.60 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
00.00 %
Some Other Race alone
650.48 %
Two or More races
3242.37 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Pierre city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Pierre city part within the Subdivision
Hughes County 17.022- Pierre city part13.646
Pierre city 13.646- Pierre city part13.646

Profile of the Pierre city

History of Pierre

The first man to claim the land at the area of present-day Pierre was French explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, in 1743. However, the first white men in the area were actually his sons, the LaVerendrye brothers, who left an inscribed lead plate on a bluff above the Missouri River, at the location of present-day Fort Pierre. The land was inhabited by the Arikara tribes. When the Sioux arrived from Minnesota to the area, they challenged the land claim and a long series of conflicts between two native peoples ended in 1794 when the Sioux managed to expel the Arikara from central South Dakota.

The land that will later become South Dakota was included in the Louisiana Purchase by the United States in 1803. In 1804, the Lewis and Clark expedition arrived to the river bank at the site of the present-day Pierre and met with the chiefs and other important members of the native tribes in the area. At first it seemed that the meeting would end up in bloodshed but after two groups shared a meal and a peace pipe, the expedition continued their journey upstream on the Missouri, but not before raising the American flag. Upon their return to St. Louis, they said that the area was rich in beavers and buffalos and that it was a shame there was no trading post there. Naturally, their report attracted many people to the central South Dakota.

The first trading post was established in 1817 across the river from present-day Pierre. The trading post was replaced in 1831, by Pierre Chouteau, Jr., who named the new fort after himself. In 1855, the fort was purchased by the Army and soon abandoned, but people continued living in the area and new settlers continued to arrive.

The Dakota Territory was established in 1861 and the railroad soon reached South Dakota, leading to a new population boost to all the towns and settlements, including Fort Pierre. Pierre was established across the river, as a ferry landing at the railroad terminal. South Dakota was admitted to the USA in 1889 and Pierre was chosen as the state capital in 1890. However, the initial boom turned into bust, partially due to severe droughts. The area lost a lot of population but it eventually recovered by the late 1890s. The capitol building was completed in 1908 and started working in 1910.

Pierre entered a new period of difficulties during the 1930s not only because of the Great Depression but also because of severe problems caused by drought and dust. Fortunately, many new jobs were provided for the citizens of Pierre through various government agencies.

The Oahe Dam, the largest dam on the Missouri and one of the largest in the world, was constructed near Pierre in 1944. The dam is still very important for the city, especially in terms of flood protection, not to mention electricity, irrigation and recreation possibilities it provides.

Geography and Climate

Pierre is situated on several bluffs overlooking the Missouri River in central South Dakota. It is located just a few miles away from Lake Oahe, one of the largest man-made lakes in the world. The city lies just two miles from the actual geographic center of the United States.

The city has a humid continental climate, with brief springs and autumns, hot summers and long and cold winters.


According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Pierre has 13,646 inhabitants, of which 85.1% are Whites, 10.9% are Native Americans, 1.9% are Hispanics or Latinos, 0.6% are Asians, 0.5% are African Americans, 0.5% are of some other race and 2.4% are from two or more races.

In 2000, the median household income in Pierre was $42,962 and the per capita income was $20,462.


The economy of Pierre is based on government, agriculture and recreational activities on the Missouri River reservoirs. The city is a major trading center in the region of central South Dakota. The largest employer in the city is the state government and the largest private employer is the St. Mary’s Hospital. Tourism is also a significant source of revenue for Pierre, especially due to the lakes created through the Missouri River Development Plan.

The most important agricultural products in Pierre area include wheat, oats, rye, barley, corn, flax, soybeans, alfalfa, cattle, chickens, buffalo, horses, eggs and dairy.

Attractions and Events

Some of the most important institutions and sites of interest in Pierre include State Capitol, built in 1910 with a Victorian glass top and a glowing fountain that serves as a war memorial, the Cultural Heritage Center that offers exhibitions, educational programs and research activities, Verendrye Museum in Fort Pierre, Discovery Center and Aquarium and South Dakota National Guard Museum.

The Oahe Dam is a major tourist attraction in the greater city area. This dam is the second-largest rolled-earth dam in the world and it includes the Powerhouse, the Oahe Visitor Center and Oahe Chapel.

Some of the regular events in the city include South Dakota Arts Showcase, Native American Day, Annual Governor’s Hunt, Cup Walleye Tournament and Riverfest Festival.

Pierre offers a lot for recreation enthusiasts, especially those interested in hiking, biking, camping and wildlife observation. The city area has 11 parks, 11 tennis courts, two beaches, a skatepark and various sports courts and fields, while the nearby Lake oahe offers exceptional opportunities for fishing, swimming, boating, diving and snorkeling.


Pierre does not have any actual colleges or universities but it does have the Capital University Center, which offers university degrees through a number of universities, including South Dakota State University, University of South Dakota and Northern State University.


Pierre is one of the five state capitals without an interstate highway. The closest one is I-90, which passes some 35 miles south of the city.

Pierre Regional Airport is served by Great Lakes Airlines with flights to Minneapolis-St. Paul and Denver.

Statistical data for the Pierre city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

White alone
11,61185.09 %
Black or African American alone
700.51 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,49410.95 %
Asian alone
820.60 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
00.00 %
Some Other Race alone
650.48 %
Two or More races
3242.37 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Not Hispanic or Latino
13,38798.10 %
Hispanic or Latino
2591.90 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Not Hispanic or Latino
13,38798.10 %
White alone
11,50985.97 %
Black or African American alone
700.52 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1,45010.83 %
Asian alone
810.61 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
00.00 %
Some Other Race alone
120.09 %
Two or More races
2651.98 %
Hispanic or Latino
2591.90 %
White alone
10239.38 %
Black or African American alone
00.00 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
4416.99 %
Asian alone
10.39 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
00.00 %
Some Other Race alone
5320.46 %
Two or More races
5922.78 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes

Household Type

Family households
3,46359.93 %
Husband-wife family
2,64176.26 %
Other family
82223.74 %
Male householder, no wife present
22026.76 %
Female householder, no husband present
60273.24 %
Nonfamily households
2,31540.07 %
Householder living alone
2,02287.34 %
Householder not living alone
29312.66 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Pierre city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Pierre city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Pierre city center


  • Pierre Regional Airport [1.48 mi] [2.38 km]


  • Pierre Bridge (historical) [2.54 mi] [4.08 km]


  • American Medical Response [1.25 mi] [2 km]
  • Pierre Fire Department Station 2 [1.04 mi] [1.67 km]
  • South Dakota National Guard Museum [1.78 mi] [2.86 km]
  • Pierre City Hall [1.76 mi] [2.84 km]
  • Pierre Fire Department Headquarters [1.93 mi] [3.11 km]
  • South Dakota State Capitol [1.41 mi] [2.27 km]
  • Hughes County Courthouse [1.58 mi] [2.54 km]
  • Rawlins Municipal Library [0.97 mi] [1.56 km]
  • South Dakota State Library [1.05 mi] [1.69 km]
  • South Dakota State Archives [0.9 mi] [1.45 km]
  • Pierre Fire Department Station 4 [0.16 mi] [0.25 km]
  • Pierre Airport Fire and Rescue [1.45 mi] [2.33 km]
  • Pierre Fire Department Station 3 [1.8 mi] [2.89 km]
  • Pierre Rural Volunteer Fire Department [1.1 mi] [1.77 km]


  • Riverside Cemetery [1.16 mi] [1.87 km]


  • City of Fort Pierre [3.08 mi] [4.96 km]
  • City of Pierre [0.21 mi] [0.33 km]


  • Arikara Dam [2.75 mi] [4.42 km]


  • Saint Marys Healthcare Center [1.49 mi] [2.39 km]


  • Marion Island (historical) [2.64 mi] [4.26 km]
  • Willow Island (historical) [3.02 mi] [4.86 km]


  • Fort Campbell (historical) [3.38 mi] [5.45 km]
  • Sublette and Campbell Post (historical) [2.71 mi] [4.36 km]
  • Fort Tecumseh (historical) [3.46 mi] [5.58 km]
  • Stanley (historical) [1.5 mi] [2.42 km]
  • Fort Pierre Number One (historical) [3.23 mi] [5.19 km]


  • Pierre Army Air Field (historical) [1.75 mi] [2.82 km]


  • Griffin Park [1.65 mi] [2.66 km]

Populated Place

  • Pierre [1.6 mi] [2.58 km]

Post Office

  • Pierre Post Office [1.75 mi] [2.82 km]


  • Lake Arikara [2.89 mi] [4.65 km]


  • McKinley School [1.6 mi] [2.57 km]
  • Washington School [1.03 mi] [1.66 km]
  • Buchanan School [0.74 mi] [1.2 km]
  • Riggs School [1.05 mi] [1.68 km]
  • Saint Joseph School [1.42 mi] [2.28 km]
  • Lincoln School [1.7 mi] [2.74 km]
  • Jefferson School [1.71 mi] [2.75 km]


  • Hilgers Gulch [1.26 mi] [2.03 km]
  • Whiskey Gulch [2.41 mi] [3.87 km]

Photos from the Pierre city

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Photos on Map - Pierre city, South Dakota

Map of Pierre city, South Dakota

Current weather situation in the Pierre city

City Alias ZIP Codes
Fort PierreFort Pierre57532
Fort PierreLacy57532
Fort PierreLaroche57532
Fort PierreLindsey57532
Fort PierreMission Ridge57532
Fort PierreNorman Ranch57532
Fort PierreOrton57532

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