Charleston city, West Virginia

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Charleston city, West Virginia

Charleston city, West Virginia
Nickname(s):Home of Hospitality, The most northern city of the South and the most southern city of the North, Chemical Valley, The Capital City, Chucktown, Charly West
- Total:51.400 (2010)
- Density:1.606,3/sq mi (626,8/sq km)
Area code(s):304, 681
Time zone:EST (UTC-5)
Summer Time zone:EDT (UTC-4)
- Total:33 sq mi (85 sq km)
- Land:32 sq mi (82 sq km)
- Water:2 sq mi (3 sq km)
- % water:3,53 %

Quick information summary of the Charleston city area.

Charleston city is located in the state of West Virginia. It occupies the area of 33 square miles. 2 square miles are water areas and 32 square miles remain for land areas. Center of the Charleston city lies at +38.3486917, -081.6323240 coordinates. According to the 2010 Census, there are 51.400 living in the Charleston city. The racial makeup shows these 3 races as the most frequent : White (78.39%), Black or African American (15.5%) and Two or More races (3.2%). Median age is 40 for the males and 44 for the females.

Charleston is the capital and the largest city in West Virginia. It is also the county seat of Kanawha County. At the 2010 Census, Charleston had a population of 51,500 and its metropolitan area had 304,214 inhabitants.

There are several commonly used nicknames for Charleston: “Home of Hospitality,” “The Most Northern City of the South and the Most Southern City of the North,” “Chemical Valley,” “The Capital City,” “Charly West” and “Chucktown”.

The city is located on the confluence of the Elk and Kanawha rivers and lies in the Eastern Time Zone (UTC-5).

Click here to read the full detailed Charleston city profile

Statistical data for the Charleston city based on the 2010 U.S. Census

Racial makeup

White alone
40,29178.39 %
Black or African American alone
7,96515.50 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1220.24 %
Asian alone
1,1812.30 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
190.04 %
Some Other Race alone
1750.34 %
Two or More races
1,6473.20 %

Click here to see many more graphs and stats tables for this area

Population break-up based on Counties and Subdivisions in the area

Counties Subdivisions
County (whole county) Charleston city part within the County Subdivision (whole subdivision) Charleston city part within the Subdivision
Kanawha County 193.063- Charleston city part51.400
District 1 43.778- Charleston city part16.116
District 2 51.331- Charleston city part20.188
District 4 47.899- Charleston city part15.096

Profile of the Charleston city

History of Charleston

The Kanawha Valley and the area of present-day Charleston were originally inhabited by the Adena Native Americans, who were mound builders. South Charleston still has one of the largest collections of their earthworks.

The first significant influx of traders, land speculators and various explorers in the area started in 1760s. In 1788, Colonel George Clendenin built a fort near the river, on a portion of the land he already owned. Within a few years, his stockade, known as Fort Lee and Clendenin’s Settlement, attracted a number of pioneers. In fact, so many people came than in 1794 the Virginia Assembly authorized the foundation of a town, named Charles Town, after Colonel Clendenin’s father. The name was soon abbreviated to Charleston. One of the early settlers in Charleston was also Daniel Boone, but as the town grew rapidly he decided to take his family and leave for Kentucky.

Salt was one of the first and most important sources of revenue for Charleston. The town soon became a transportation center as well, especially for travelers from east who continued their journey west in boats.

When the Civil War came, residents of Charleston were divided in loyalty to the two sides in conflict, but those who sided with the Union seemed to be the majority. The conflict between two sides had a negative impact on salt industry and new economy sectors were created, most notably coal, gas and oil industries. The city entered a new period of growth and prosperity after the war and especially after the state capital was moved from Wheeling in 1870. The railroad came in 1873 and around the same time the Kanawha River was made more navigable, which provided further boost for the city.

Until the World War I, the growth and development of Charleston was slow yet steady. Its industry was based on rich natural sources around the city. The first chemical company in Charleston was opened in 1913 and many others soon followed suit. Glass industry was also developing. After the war, the city turned to manufacturing of synthetic industries, especially the synthetic rubber. Like many other American cities, Charleston was hit by recession in 1980s but it somehow managed to maintain certain growth.

Today, the city is in a period of new growth and redevelopment, with beautification projects and efforts towards improving the quality of life, trying to maintain its position as a large industry center while still keeping its typical small-town ambience.

Geography and Climate

Charleston occupies an area of 32.7 square miles, of which 1.1 square miles is water. It is located at the confluence of Elk River and Kanawha River, in a narrow valley in the western Appalachian Mountains.

The city has a humid subtropical climate, with four distinct seasons. Spring is unpredictable and varies from cold to warm or even hot, summer is hot and usually humid, autumn is initially warm and then cool and winter is cool, rarely very cold. Snowstorms are rare.


As of the 200 U.S. Census, the racial makeup of Charleston was 80,63% White, 15.07% African American, 1.83% Asian, 0.81% Hispanic or Latino, 0.24% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.91% from two or more races and 0.30% from some other race.

In 2000, the median household income was $34,009 and the per capita income was $26,017. About 16.7% of the population lived below the poverty line.


Like the rest of the Kanawha Valley, Charleston owes much of its prosperity to the status of a transportation and distribution hub. The key factors for this status are the river and the interstate network in the area. The city was always rich in natural resources, especially oil, gas and coal, and it always knew how to use it. In addition to the energy sector, chemical industry also became the major source of revenue for Charleston, especially after the 1920s. Today, Charleston has a relatively diversified economy, based primarily on government sector, chemical and automotive industry, healthcare and various professional services.

Some of the largest companies in Charleston are Appalachian Power, Mountaineer Gas Company, Charleston Newspapers, City Holding Company, MATRIC, Tudor’s Biscuit World, Walker Machinery, West Virginia-American Water Company and others.

Culture and Attractions

Charleston has a number of old historic buildings in various architectural styles and about fifty places in the National Registry of Historic Places. One segment of the East End neighborhood has been designated as a historic neighborhood and many historic buildings can be found in downtown Charleston as well. Some of the places of interest in the city include Sunrise Museum, Union Building, Security Building, Masonic Temple, West Virginia State Museum, Avampato Discovery Museum, Basilica of the Co-Cathedral of the Sacred Heart, First Presbyterian Church, St. George Orthodox Cathedral, Capitol Theater and Woman’s Club of Charleston.

Outdoor attractions include Appalachian Power Park, Magic Island, Kanawha State Forest, Daniel Boone Park, Cato Park and the University of Charleston Stadium at Laidley Field.

Some of the annual events in the city include the West Virginia Dance Festival, Symphony Sunday, West Virginia International Film Festival and the Charleston Sternwheel Regatta.


Charleston is the home of the University of Charleston, formerly Morris Harvey College. It also has a clinical campus of the West Virginia University. Other institutions of higher education, located in the wider city area, include West Virginia State University, Kanawha Valley Community and Technical College and Marshall University-South Charleston Campus.


Major highways in and around Charleston include I-64, I-77 and I-79, US 60, US 119, WV 25, WV 61, WV 62 and WV 114. The city is served by Kanawha Valley Regional Transportation Authority and passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak (the Cardinal route).

Charleston is served by the Yeager Airport, the largest airport in West Virginia.

Statistical data for the Charleston city

Data Source : US Census Bureau

Racial makeup

White alone
40,29178.39 %
Black or African American alone
7,96515.50 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1220.24 %
Asian alone
1,1812.30 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
190.04 %
Some Other Race alone
1750.34 %
Two or More races
1,6473.20 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin

Not Hispanic or Latino
50,70698.65 %
Hispanic or Latino
6941.35 %

Hispanic or Latino Origin by Race

Not Hispanic or Latino
50,70698.65 %
White alone
39,90078.69 %
Black or African American alone
7,86715.51 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
1160.23 %
Asian alone
1,1782.32 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
170.03 %
Some Other Race alone
800.16 %
Two or More races
1,5483.05 %
Hispanic or Latino
6941.35 %
White alone
39156.34 %
Black or African American alone
9814.12 %
American Indian and Alaska Native alone
60.86 %
Asian alone
30.43 %
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone
20.29 %
Some Other Race alone
9513.69 %
Two or More races
9914.27 %

Median Age by Sex

Both sexes

Household Type

Family households
12,58753.67 %
Husband-wife family
8,35866.40 %
Other family
4,22933.60 %
Male householder, no wife present
92021.75 %
Female householder, no husband present
3,30978.25 %
Nonfamily households
10,86646.33 %
Householder living alone
9,24185.05 %
Householder not living alone
1,62514.95 %

Geographical and Cultural Features and Landmarks in the Charleston city - including Historical Features

Distance is calculated from the Charleston city center coordinates

Distance limit:

Random list of Geographic Features located within the radius of 3 miles from the Charleston city center


  • Kanawha City Bridge [2.21 mi] [3.56 km]
  • 36th Street Bridge [2.2 mi] [3.54 km]
  • 35th Street Bridge [2.15 mi] [3.45 km]
  • South Side Bridge [0.29 mi] [0.47 km]


  • Benedum Hall [1.39 mi] [2.24 km]
  • Cox Hall [1.36 mi] [2.19 km]
  • Vernon Cobb Hall [1.37 mi] [2.2 km]
  • Andrew S Thomas Memorial Library [1.44 mi] [2.31 km]
  • Holly Grove [1.29 mi] [2.08 km]
  • West Virginia State Capitol [1.38 mi] [2.23 km]
  • West Virginia Legislative Reference Library [1.33 mi] [2.13 km]
  • West Virginia Archives and History Division Library [1.41 mi] [2.26 km]
  • Charleston Fire Department Station 5 [0.74 mi] [1.2 km]
  • Eye and Ear Clinic of Charleston [0.39 mi] [0.63 km]
  • Charleston Fire Department Station 3 [1.51 mi] [2.43 km]
  • Charleston Art Gallery [0.6 mi] [0.97 km]
  • Sunrise Bird Sanctuary Museum [0.53 mi] [0.85 km]
  • Charleston Fire Department Station 1 [0.34 mi] [0.55 km]
  • Charleston Fire Department Station 4 [1.53 mi] [2.47 km]


  • Fisher Cemetery [3.54 mi] [5.7 km]
  • Saint Matthews Church Cemetery [1.31 mi] [2.11 km]
  • Adkins Cemetery [1.56 mi] [2.51 km]
  • Hess Cemetery [2.26 mi] [3.63 km]


  • Saint Matthews Episcopal Church [1.31 mi] [2.1 km]
  • South Ruffner Presbyterian Church [1.19 mi] [1.91 km]
  • Bnai Israel Temple [1.79 mi] [2.88 km]
  • Davis Creek Church of God [4 mi] [6.44 km]
  • Bethany Baptist Church [1.52 mi] [2.45 km]
  • Trinity Evangelical Lutheran Church [1.06 mi] [1.71 km]
  • East Point Apostolic Church [2.67 mi] [4.3 km]
  • Capital View Church of the Nazarene [1.08 mi] [1.74 km]
  • Allen Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church [2.17 mi] [3.5 km]
  • Bnai Jacob Synagogue [1.02 mi] [1.65 km]
  • Ruffner Memorial Presbyterian Church [1.17 mi] [1.89 km]
  • Riverview Baptist Church [2.1 mi] [3.39 km]
  • Bible Center Church [0.55 mi] [0.89 km]
  • Asbury United Methodist Church [1.02 mi] [1.64 km]
  • Pentecostal Holiness Church [0.76 mi] [1.22 km]
  • Elizabeth Memorial United Methodist Church [0.65 mi] [1.05 km]
  • Saint Pauls Lutheran Church [0.55 mi] [0.88 km]
  • First Christian Church [0.56 mi] [0.89 km]
  • First Church of Christ Scientist [0.45 mi] [0.72 km]
  • Christ United Methodist Church [0.3 mi] [0.48 km]
  • Baptist Temple [0.28 mi] [0.44 km]
  • Liberty Baptist Church [0.52 mi] [0.83 km]
  • Sacred Heart Convent [0.17 mi] [0.28 km]
  • Church of Christ [0.48 mi] [0.78 km]
  • First Presbyterian Church [0.16 mi] [0.26 km]
  • Kanawha United Presbyterian Church [0.15 mi] [0.25 km]
  • Sacred Heart Roman Catholic Church [0.1 mi] [0.16 km]
  • Saint Johns Episcopal Church [0.1 mi] [0.15 km]


  • Kanawha County [3.72 mi] [5.99 km]


  • Interchange 98 [2.04 mi] [3.28 km]
  • Interchange 99 [1.18 mi] [1.91 km]


  • Hillcrest Sanitarium (historical) [1.93 mi] [3.1 km]
  • Mountain State Memorial Hospital (historical) [0.35 mi] [0.57 km]
  • Select Specialty Hospital Charleston Campus [0.3 mi] [0.49 km]
  • Charleston Area Medical Center General Hospital [0.3 mi] [0.49 km]


  • Hillcrest Office Park [1.79 mi] [2.87 km]
  • Plaza East Shopping Center [0.61 mi] [0.97 km]


  • Fort Lee (historical) [0.28 mi] [0.45 km]


  • Blackwell Field [1.08 mi] [1.73 km]
  • Kanawha Riflemens Memorial Park [0.98 mi] [1.58 km]
  • East End Historic District [0.83 mi] [1.34 km]
  • Grasscup Road Historic District [0.53 mi] [0.85 km]
  • Laidley Field [0.98 mi] [1.57 km]

Populated Place

  • South Ruffner [1.33 mi] [2.15 km]
  • Blackhawk [2.68 mi] [4.31 km]
  • Riverview [2.17 mi] [3.48 km]
  • Davis Creek [3.95 mi] [6.36 km]
  • South Hills [0.78 mi] [1.26 km]
  • Oakwood [1.76 mi] [2.83 km]
  • Joplin [2.63 mi] [4.24 km]


  • University of Charleston [1.37 mi] [2.21 km]
  • George Washington High School [1.68 mi] [2.7 km]
  • Mountaineer Montessori School [1.2 mi] [1.94 km]
  • McGwiggan Public School (historical) [1.2 mi] [1.93 km]
  • Riverview School (historical) [2.22 mi] [3.57 km]
  • Overbrook Elementary School [1.57 mi] [2.53 km]
  • Kenna Elementary School [2.86 mi] [4.59 km]
  • Kanawha School [0.99 mi] [1.6 km]
  • Fernbank Public School (historical) [0.82 mi] [1.32 km]
  • Oakwood Elementary School (historical) [1.85 mi] [2.98 km]
  • Bible Center School [2.46 mi] [3.96 km]
  • Piedmont Elementary School [0.45 mi] [0.72 km]
  • Roosevelt Junior High School (historical) [0.65 mi] [1.05 km]
  • Jefferson Junior High School (historical) [0.33 mi] [0.52 km]
  • Charleston Catholic High School [0.14 mi] [0.23 km]
  • Charleston High School (historical) [0.24 mi] [0.38 km]
  • Sacred Heart Grade School [0.08 mi] [0.12 km]
  • Mercer School (historical) [0.1 mi] [0.15 km]


  • Thayer Spring [1.35 mi] [2.17 km]


  • Venable Branch [1.67 mi] [2.69 km]
  • Dry Branch [3.95 mi] [6.35 km]
  • Lick Branch [1 mi] [1.61 km]
  • Sugarcamp Creek [3.98 mi] [6.4 km]


  • Blackhawk Hollow [2.71 mi] [4.35 km]
  • Porters Hollow [0.75 mi] [1.2 km]
  • Ruffner Hollow [1.2 mi] [1.93 km]
  • Campbells Hollow [3.03 mi] [4.87 km]

Photos from the Charleston city

Photos provided by Panoramio. Photos are under the copyright of their owners.

Photos on Map - Charleston city, West Virginia

Map of Charleston city, West Virginia

Current weather situation in the Charleston city

City Alias ZIP Codes
CharlestonBig Chimney25302
CharlestonCharleston25392, 25337, 25336, 25335, 25333, 25332, 25331, 25330, 25329, 25328, 25327, 25326, 25325, 25338, 25339, 25350, 25389, 25387, 25375, 25365, 25364, 25362, 25361, 25360, 25358, 25357, 25396, 25356, 25324, 25323, 25306, 25311, 25312, 25305, 25313, 25304, 25314, 25303, 25315, 25302, 25317, 25334, 25320, 25301, 25321, 25322, 25309
CharlestonCross Lanes25356, 25313
CharlestonKanawha City25304
CharlestonMarmet25365, 25315
CharlestonS Charleston25303, 25309
CharlestonSissonville25312, 25360, 25320
CharlestonSouth Charleston25303, 25309
CharlestonUnited Bank25392
CharlestonWva Dept Of Motor Veh25317

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